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Lee A. Fuiman

Fuiman, Lee A.
Professor
Integrative Biology and Dept of Marine Science

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Main Office: MSP L217 Phone: (361) 749-6775

Mailing Address:
University of Texas Marine Science Institute
750 Channel View Drive

Port Aransas,Texas 78373


Research Summary:
The past few decades have seen the biology of fish larvae blossom into an exciting field of research. These tiny, usually transparent early life stages had been neglected because of the difficulties in collecting, identifying, and maintaining them. With many of these problems solved, research is directed toward understanding how processes affecting larval fishes have serious consequences for populations of adults. Survival of larvae is a prerequisite for sustained populations, and like adults, larvae must find food and avoid predators. However, unlike adults, they must do so while their abilities vary due to dramatic morphological, physiological, and behavioral changes caused by development.

Our research includes both laboratory and field experiments on the behavioral and sensory capabilities of fish larvae. Much of it involves frame-by-frame motion analysis of video taped experiments. This approach has led to important insights into the change in vulnerability of larvae to predators during early life. We combine the behavioral approach with detailed studies of changing sensory and locomotor morphology to understand how behavior may be constrained. We also study the effects of environmental variables (e.g., temperature and salinity) on a larva's capabilities. We incorporate field experiments to form ecological interpretations for the laboratory results. Our research has now expanded to include assessment of sublethal effects of pollutants and their ecological interpretation.



Publications:
2011 McCarthy, I.D., and L.A. Fuiman, Post-prandial changes in protein synthesis in red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae, Journal of Experimental Biology 214: 1821-1828
2010 Foster, C.R., A.F. Amos, L.A. Fuiman, Phenology of six migratory coastal birds in relation to climate change, Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122: 116-125
2010 Nakayama, S. and L.A. Fuiman, Body size and vigilance mediate asymmetric interference competition for food in fish larvae, Behavioral Ecology 21: 708-713
2010 Fuiman, L.A., M.G. Meekan, and M.I. McCormick, Maladaptive behavior reinforces a recruitment bottleneck in newly settled fishes, Oecologia 164: 99-108
2010 Ojanguren, A.F. and L.A. Fuiman, Seasonal variability in antipredator performance of red drum larvae, Marine Ecology Progress Series 413: 117-123
2009 Nakayama, S., A.F. Ojanguren, L.A. Fuiman, To fight, or not to fight: Determinants and consequences of social behaviour in young red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), Behaviour 146: 815-830
2009 Faria, A.M., A.F. Ojanguren, L.A. Fuiman, and E.J. Gonçalves, Ontogeny of critical swimming speed of wild-caught and laboratory-reared red drum larvae (Sciaenops ocellatus), Marine Ecology Progress Series 384: 221-230
2009 Foster, C.R., A.F. Amos, and L.A. Fuiman, Trends in abundance of coastal birds and human activity on a Texas barrier island over three decades, Estuaries and Coasts 32: 1079-1089 view
2008 Murphy, C.A., K.A. Rose, M.C. Alvarez, and L.A. Fuiman, Modeling larval fish behavior: Scaling the sublethal effects of methylmercury to population-relevant endpoints, Aquatic Toxicology 86: 470-484
2008 Lychakov, D.V., Y.T. Rebane, A. Lombarte, M. Demestre, and L.A. Fuiman, Saccular otolith mass asymmetry in adult flatfishes, Journal of Fish Biology 72: 2579-2594
2008 McCarthy, I.D., and L.A. Fuiman, Growth and protein metabolism in red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae exposed to environmental levels of atrazine and malathion, Aquatic Toxicology 88: 220–229
2008 Madden, K.M., L.A. Fuiman, T.M. Williams, and R.W. Davis, Identification of foraging dives in free-ranging Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii): Confirmation using video records, Marine Ecology Progress Series 365: 263-275
2007 Fuiman, L.A., K.M. Madden, T.M. Williams, and R.W. Davis, Structure of foraging dives by Weddell seals at an offshore isolated hole in the Antarctic fast-ice environment, Deep-Sea Research II 54: 270-289